Having a Multi Power Point Tracker will, over the course of a year, increase the amount of electricity produced by solar panels by approximately 15%. Solar panels’ photovoltaic modules, or PV modules, absorb sunlight to generate DC power. To function, we must convert the DC solar power into AC. You might believe that converting energy is the only use for a solar inverter, but that’s not the end of it, as MPPT, gives solar inverters a lot more power. Read the article to learn how MPPT work in an inverter, what does MPPT mean on the inverter and other interesting facts.
What Does MPPT Mean on Inverter?
If you still have doubts about how does MPPT work in an inverter, let’s learn what does MPPT mean on an inverter? Maximum Power Point Tracking, also known as MPPT, enables us to extract the most energy possible from sources that have variable energy. There are no limitations to this method.
Photovoltaic cells, or PV cells, are the building blocks of solar panels, which use solar energy to generate electricity. However, because the Sun does not shine equally throughout the day, your solar panels do not receive sufficient sunlight to produce sufficient electricity to meet your needs. Additionally, the weather affects the voltages of the solar panel and battery, which affects the efficiency of the power output. An MPP tracker (Maximum PowerPoint Tracker) can solve this issue. So, how does MPPT work in an inverter to solve this issue?
How Does MPPT Work in an Inverter?
So, how does MPPT work in an inverter? Home appliances cannot directly utilize solar panel power. The voltage difference is significant. The MPPT method tracks the maximum voltage that solar panels produce and adjusts it to match appliances’ power requirements. It evaluates the output of the PV module, compares it to the voltage of the battery, determines the optimal power that the PV module can produce to charge the battery, and then converts that power into the optimal voltage to ensure that the battery receives the maximum amount of current. It can also provide power.
In the case of an off-grid solar system, the remaining power that isn’t needed right now is stored in a battery and fed into the grid in the case of an on-grid solar system. Also, this is the appliances’ resistance does not e the solar panels to produce less power. Almost all solar inverters today incorporate MPPT technology. This explains how MPPT works in an inverter.
What is MPPT Inverter?
Now, let’s learn about what is an MPPT inverter. MPPT (Maximum PowerPoint Tracking ) is merely a technology. In a solar system, it is very important. Solar panels are used in a solar system to get electricity from the sun. The MPP, or maximum power point, of each solar panel, is unique. The panel produces the most power when it operates at its MPP. The MPPT method monitors this particular power. The goal is to ensure that a solar panel always operates at its maximum power, or as close to it as possible so that it can generate as much electricity as possible.
Whenever you discuss what is MPPT inverter, the answer lies that an MPPT solar inverter is one that has a built-in DC-to-DC converter. Installing a solar inverter without a Maximum Power Point Tracker carries significant risks, the most significant of which is that solar panels won’t operate to their full potential. Now, let’s see what is the function of MPPT in solar inverters.
What is the Function of MPPT in Solar Inverters?
As you have seen by now, MPPT is a feature found in many solar inverters. The prime function of MPPT in solar inverters is to maximize the amount of power the solar panel arrays can produce. It does so by constantly adjusting the amount of input current and voltage of the solar inverter to fit the MPP of the solar panels.
Also See: What is MPPT Charge Controller?
What are the Benefits of an MPPT Solar Inverter?
Let’s learn the benefits of an MPPT solar inverter. Nowadays, MPPT technology is not required to construct any on-grid string solar inverter. The reasons for and advantages of this technology are outlined below.
- A grid-tied solar system reduces power waste by directing additional power to the grid.
- In an off-grid solar system, an MPPT solar inverter uses excess power to charge the battery.
- Even if an appliance connected to the inverter is inefficient, MPPT does not allow it to affect the efficiency of the solar panels.
- It also increases the overall running time of appliances.
The MPPT technology maximizes solar panel power generation while minimizing power waste, regardless of whether the system is off-grid or on-grid.