Tesla is a popular electric vehicle brand that offers high performance, sleek design, and advanced technology. While charging at home is often considered the cheapest option, the overall cost depends on the Tesla model, battery capacity, electricity rates, and driving habits. But how much does it cost to charge a Tesla at home, a charging station, or a Superchargerper on average? Let’s find it out.
Charging a Tesla at home is likely the cheapest option for most owners, as it allows them to take advantage of lower electricity rates and avoid fees from public charging stations. The cost of charging a Tesla at home depends on several factors, such as the model of the car, the battery capacity, the electricity rate, and the driving distance. Here are the costs to charge a Tesla at home per day, per month, per year.
1. Per Day: According to the U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics, the average electricity rate in the US was $0.169 per kWh as of December 2023. Assuming a 100-kWh battery pack and a full charge, it would cost about $18.90 to charge a Tesla at home per day. However, this is a theoretical maximum, as most drivers do not need to charge their car from 0 to 100% every day. A more realistic scenario is that the car is charged 80% of its capacity, which would reduce the cost to around $15.12 per day.
2. Per Month: To calculate the monthly cost of charging a Tesla at home, we need to consider the average driving distance per month. According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, the average annual mileage for passenger cars in the US was 13,476 miles as of May 31, 2022. This translates to about 1123 miles per month. Assuming a Tesla Model 3 with a rated efficiency of 7.58 miles per kWh, the monthly energy consumption would be about 148.09 kWh. Multiplying this by the average electricity rate of $0.169 per kWh, we get a monthly cost of $25.03.
3. Per Year: To calculate the yearly cost of charging a Tesla at home, we simply multiply the monthly cost by 12. This gives us a yearly cost of $300.36. However, this does not account for the variations in electricity rates and driving habits throughout the year.
Note: Keep in mind that the calculations above are only approximate based on research and are meant to give an estimation of the cost, which may differ in reality.
Another option for Tesla vehicle owners was a home charging plan that Tesla offered, but it expired on September 30, 2023. This plan enabled them to charge their cars at home overnight for $25 per month. This might have been a more cost-effective and convenient option for some drivers. However, this plan was only accessible for customers who purchased and received a new Model 3 or Model Y between September 14 and September 30, 2023, and switched to Tesla Electric as their power supplier before November 17, 2023.
Also Read: How Much will Electric Cars Cost in 2025?
Charging stations are places where Tesla owners can plug in their vehicles and get electricity from a public or private source. There are different kinds of charging stations, with different levels of charging speed and power: Superchargers, Destination chargers, and Home charging.
Cost to Charge at a Tesla Charging Station
Charging at home is cheaper than charging at a Tesla station or a Supercharger, but it may take longer and be less convenient. A Tesla station charges about $0.28 per kWh on average. For example, a Tesla with a 75-kWh battery would need about $21 to fill up. Level 1 and 2 chargers are the cheapest options for charging. They are usually free and you can find them at many Tesla stations.
Cost to Charge at Superchargers
They are costlier and can go up to an estimate of $0.36 per kWh. The actual cost of using a Supercharger will depend on the location and the time of use. When the charging session is complete, an estimate of the final charges is shown on the vehicle’s screen. Superchargers can provide up to 250 kW of power or up to 80% in 30 minutes. Superchargers also have a battery preconditioning feature, which warms up the battery before charging, making it 25% faster than normal.
Tesla bills the owners per kWh (kilowatt-hour) whenever possible; in other areas, Tesla bills per minute. When billing per minute, there are four tiers to account for changes in charging speeds: Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 3, and Tier 4.
The table below shows the charging rate and the price per minute for each tier.
|Price per Minute
|Charging up to 60 kW
|Cheapest price per minute
|Charging more than 60 kW and up to 100 kW
|Less expensive price per minute
|Charging more than 100 kW and up to 180 kW
|More expensive price per minute
|Charging more than 180 kW
|Most expensive price per minute
The plug-in time determines the charging rate and it stays the same even if the price changes during the session. Some supercharger stations have different rates for peak and off-peak hours. You can see the rates and peak times on the vehicle touchscreen’s navigation app.
To ensure fair and efficient charging for all Tesla drivers, Tesla has implemented some policies. The prices included are only for the U.S.
- A supercharger idle fee of $0.50 per minute if you leave your vehicle plugged in after it is fully charged.
- A congestion fee of $1.00 per minute if the station is busy and your vehicle’s battery is above 80%.
- A grace period of 5 minutes before these fees apply.
- A rate structure for each site that shows the idle and congestion fees, which you can access on the vehicle touchscreen or the Tesla app.
You can also check out our article – Is Supercharging Bad for Tesla Battery?
The time required to charge a Tesla varies depending on several factors such as the type of charger, the battery size, temperature and condition, the vehicle model, the weather, and the vehicle’s performance and distance. A Supercharger can fill up the battery in about an hour, while a Tesla Wall Connector at home can do it in less than 10 hours. A standard household outlet with a Tesla Mobile Connector only adds 3 to 6 miles of driving range per hour of charging, which means some models would need around 5 days to reach full charge.
Tesla has different types of chargers, from Level 1 (AC) chargers that use a normal 120-volt outlet to Level 2 (AC) chargers that use a 240-volt outlet, to DC Fast Chargers or Superchargers that use special stations.
You can also find third-party charging stations on Plugshare.com. Some use J1772 chargers that need an SAE J1772 adapter, and some use 120-volt chargers that need the Mobile Connector. You can keep an adapter bundle in your vehicle to charge from a 240-volt outlet on the road.
Here is a table that compares how fast the different Tesla chargers are:
|Upto 44 miles/h at 11.5 kW / 48 A
|NEMA 5-15 ADAPTER – up to 3 miles/hour
|NEMA 14-50 ADAPTER – up to 30 miles/hour
|Upto 44 miles/hour
|200 miles/15 minutes
How Much does it Cost to Charge a Tesla Model 3, Model Y, Model X, and S?
The cost of charging a Tesla Model 3, Model X, or Model Y and other models will entirely depend on the electricity rate in your area and the time of the day you charge. Other factors are also explained in the sections above. We assumed the following to estimate the charging costs of various Tesla models in the U.S.:
The car is driven for 36 miles and plugged in for 4 hours on average every day, and the residential electricity rate is $0.169 per kWh. We also used the battery size and range of each model to calculate their efficiency.
To calculate the monthly cost, multiply the Daily Energy Consumption (kWh) × Number of Days in a Month × Electricity Cost per kWh
Here’s a table showcasing how much it costs per month to charge various Tesla models:
|Nominal Battery Capacity
|Range (EPA Estimated)
|Approximate Cost of Charging
|Tesla Model 3 RWD
|Tesla Model 3 Long Range AWD
|Tesla Model Y RWD
|Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD
|Tesla Model Y Performance
|Tesla Model X
|Tesla Model X Plaid
|Tesla Model S
|Tesla Model S Plaid
Note: The actual cost may differ from these figures, as the data will be based on battery capacity, range and the EV model.
To get a more accurate estimate of the cost of charging a Tesla at home based on your location, electricity rate, and driving habits, you can use the Tesla charging calculator on the Tesla website.
To estimate the cost of charging a Tesla at home, you need to consider several factors that affect the charging process. Unlike gas-powered cars, the cost varies depending on the type of charger, the weather, and the battery condition. Keep in mind that cold weather and battery degradation can slow down the charging speed. It is recommended to use a level 2 home charger for optimal results. To learn more about electric vehicle charging, check out our dedicated EV category.