In 2015, the United Nations (UN), comprising 193 member countries, unanimously embraced the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, an unprecedented milestone. This agenda delineates 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and corresponding targets with the overarching objective of achieving dignity, peace, and prosperity for both the planet and humanity by 2030. It encompasses a wide array of action areas, including poverty reduction, sanitation improvement, and the promotion of local economies while simultaneously addressing societal welfare.
What are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)?
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are as follows:
Goal 1: Eradicate Poverty: Eliminate poverty in all its forms worldwide.
Goal 2: End Hunger: Achieve food security, improved nutrition, and sustainable agriculture to eradicate hunger.
Goal 3: Ensure Health and Well-being: Ensure well-being and healthy lives for all, regardless of age.
Goal 4: Provide Quality Education: Promote inclusive, equitable, and lifelong learning opportunities for everyone.
Goal 5: Attain Gender Equality: Empower women and girls and achieve gender parity.
Goal 6: Ensure Clean Water and Sanitation: Make clean water and sustainable sanitation accessible to all.
Goal 7: Secure Affordable and Clean Energy: Provide affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy for all.
Goal 8: Foster Decent Work and Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full employment, and decent work.
Goal 9: Advance Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure: Build resilient infrastructure, encourage sustainable industrialization, and stimulate innovation.
Goal 10: Reduce Inequality: Diminish inequality, both within and among countries.
Goal 11: Create Sustainable Cities and Communities: Develop inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable urban areas.
Goal 12: Encourage Responsible Consumption and Production: Foster sustainable patterns of consumption and production.
Goal 13: Take Climate Action: Urgently address climate change and its impacts.
Goal 14: Preserve Life Below Water: Conserve and sustainably use marine resources and oceans.
Goal 15: Safeguard Life on Land: Protect, restore, and sustainably manage terrestrial ecosystems, and forests, combat desertification, halt land degradation, and preserve biodiversity.
Goal 16: Promote Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions: Foster peaceful and inclusive societies, ensure access to justice, and establish accountable and effective institutions at all levels.
Goal 17: Strengthen Partnerships for Goal Achievement: Enhance the means of implementation and revitalize global partnerships to support sustainable development.