Solar system circuit breaker functions as a safety mechanism that disconnects power in case of an error, ensuring user protection. These breakers are mainly employed for switching different types of loads.
What are the Various Types of Solar System Circuit Breakers?
There are three distinct varieties of solar system circuit breakers: standard, GFCI, and AFCI. Each is designed to handle different amp capacities and is suited for specific locations within the premises.
Also Read: AFCI Vs GFCI: What are the Differences?
Why Do You Need Circuit Breakers for the Solar System?
Circuit breakers play a crucial role in solar systems, acting as a protective barrier between Direct Current and Alternating Current. This separation is essential during installation and routine maintenance to ensure electrical safety.
Circuit breakers are indispensable because they can operate independently even if the Alternating Current unit fails completely, resulting in reduced maintenance requirements, enhanced reliability, and a lower failure rate. These devices are essential for preserving the longevity and quality of photovoltaic panels in solar systems.
Also See: What Causes a Circuit Breaker to Go Bad?
How to Choose a Solar System Circuit Breaker
Selecting the right solar system circuit breaker is critical to prevent equipment tripping, overheating, and potential fire hazards. Here are the main factors to keep in mind:
1. Number of Strings in the Isolator: Ensure a matching number of strings to poles in the isolator. For external DC isolators, consider options like single-string panels or common string inverters with built-in DC isolators.
2. Environmental Conditions: Monitor temperatures during installation, as DC isolators operate in a range from -40°C to 60°C. Enclosure boxes should meet fireproof standards like UL 94V-0 to UL 94V-2.
3. System Voltage: Select isolators with operational voltage ratings equal to or higher than your system’s requirements. Common specifications include 1500V, UL508i 600V, and IEC60947-3 1000V for various types of inverters and system configurations.