The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations group responsible for evaluating climate change-related science. The IPCC provides comprehensive Assessment Reports on the status of scientific, technical, and socioeconomic understanding of climate change, its impacts and future dangers, and alternatives for slowing the rate of climate change. In addition, it provides Special Reports on issues agreed upon by its member nations, as well as Methodology Reports that provide guidance for preparing greenhouse gas inventories. Let’s see what are some Urban Centers and Climate Change: Implications from the IPCC’s New Report.
Impacts of Climate Change on Cities
The paper describes how climate threats in cities are getting more acute, complicated, and challenging to manage for people and city infrastructure. Even if temperatures fall in the future, overshoot impacts, such as wildfires and sea-level rise, are frequently irreversible if global warming exceeds 1.5°C.
Implications from the IPCC’s New Report
Urban Centers and Climate Change: Implications from the IPCC’s New Report are listed here. The effects of climate change include damaging and disrupting human health, means of subsistence, and vital infrastructure. Impacts cascading down the supply chain alter resource flows. Thus, even in cities not directly exposed to climatic dangers, food and water security will be compromised.
Extremely exposed regions, particularly those along the shore, are undergoing fast urbanization. As people and infrastructure cluster in low-lying coastal areas and at-risk regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Central, and South America, and the Small Islands, their susceptibility to climate impacts increases. By 2050, it is anticipated that an additional 2.5 billion people would reside in urban areas, with 1 billion dwelling in the Low Elevation Coastal Zone (less than 10 meters above sea level).
Informal settlements are the most at risk. This area contains the most economically and socially disadvantaged urban citizens, and the increase in this population exceeds the state’s ability to provide appropriate basic services. The prospect of poverty and migration threatens to push millions more into poverty by 2030, particularly in coastal towns.
Also Read: Superstorm Sandy – A Climate Change Reality Check
What Should Cities do in Response?
According to the paper, adaptation efforts in the past were minimal and perhaps maladaptive. The investments are ill-conceived and expose the company to additional risks, which may be difficult and costly to rectify today. Nonetheless, transformational action is necessary. The report highlights how climate-resilient development, which includes mitigation and adaptation into long-term sustainable development, can have substantial benefits for health, well-being, and equity.
The Report Makes the Following Recommendations for Cities
The recommendation of Sixth Assessment Report are facilitate the co-creation of solutions by various communities. Adaptation outcomes will be more durable and effective if diverse groups and local experts are involved in an inclusive planning process, particularly marginalized individuals who are most negatively impacted by climate change.
Boost public and private investment in an adaptation by constructing a pipeline of investable adaptation programs, accelerating their implementation, and allocating resources to vulnerable communities.
Utilize nature-based solutions, which are essential for climate-resilient development since they aid in mitigation and, more significantly, adaptation, while also enhancing people’s health and reducing disaster risks. The effects of overheating and flooding are mitigated by natural vegetation and green roofs. Avert maladaptation through flexible, multisectoral, inclusive, and long-term planning and execution. Cities hold a significant place in global systems such as energy and commerce, allowing them to exert more influence through transformational projects. Lastly, cities can enhance their efforts by partnering with national governments and international organizations.
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